FANO Project Update March 2013
Integrating community development with the conservation of culture and traditions: the FANO project is delighted to report on the successful implementation of the traditional social agreement (dina) for the 13 communities of the Bay of Ranobe.
This has been accomplished through the hard work of FANO project staff and FI.PA.MI.FA association members (above). Over the next few months, the FANO project will be assessing the long-term motivation of communities to conserve their common marine turtle resources.
Turtles without boarders: the FANO project has been working together with RAKOTONIRINA Bertin, marine turtle specialist and lecturer at the local marine university, Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Marines (IHSM), and international marine turtle specialist Stephane Ciccione, director of the marine turtle centre of excellence, Kelonia, based in Reunion. Through the exchange of information and knowledge, we aim to build a platform with the aim of developing the capacity of marine turtle research in southwest Madagascar. One of the first programs planned by this union is the implementation of a turtle tagging program for marine turtles rescued through the traditional social agreement (dina).
Building of the marine turtle network for Southwest Madagascar – proposed affiliation of grassroots organisations, NGO’s, Local institutions, and National centres of excellence.
The result of this union is the turtle tagging program: The director of Kolonia (Stephane Ciccoione) has donated a year’s supply of tags to the turtle project. Berthin from the IH.SM will donate the tagging applicator which is used to check the tags. The use of tags will allow the FANO project and the FI.PA.MI.FA members to monitor the turtle fishery ensuring under sized tag turtles which are thus easily identified and returned to the water.
Update regarding turtle natal beach south of Toliara;
The overall goal of the FI.PA.MI.FA conservation plan is to promote the long term survival of sea turtle populations, including the sustained recovery of depleted stocks and the safeguarding of critical habitat, integrated with the well-being and needs of human communities with which they interact.
The turtle association FI.PA.MI.FA has been asked to assist in the implementation of DINAs to protect turtle population in the Anakao region. This region has a long tradition associated with marine turtles (Lilette 2006), community practices dictate that a maximum of one to two marine turtles are taken and consumed by the community per month. However, migratory and/or displaced people are settling in this region and disregarding the community practices. Until now, those who have disregarded the ruling have been punished by the community, however this is getting more and more difficult as migration due to poor fishing grounds increases (pers.ob elder from Anakao region).
Turtle association members believe that the protection of natal beaches is paramount for the protection of the fishery. In addition, young members of the turtle association have expressed a desire to whiteness the hatching process (something they have never seen).
Therefore, FI.PA.MI.FA and Emma Gibbons head of the project, will be traveling to Anakao on the 25th – 7th of April to visit 10 villages and investigate claims of natal beaches/nesting female turtles, assess the marine turtle fishery and gain an understanding of the area.
FANO Turtle Project Update February 2013
Emma and the FANO team have successfully passed 5 dinas (local law) as of 13/02/2013 after discussing with the fishermen and the elders of the various villages around the bay.
Turtle Education Day; empowering the leaders of the Vezo community: January 2012
On the 19th of January 2013 over 90 members of the turtle association and honorary guests from the 13 coastal villages of the Bay of Ranobe attended a turtle education day held at the primary school of Ifaty. Lessons were provided for all attendees on marine turtle biology and juvenile survival rates, along with information on national and international laws. Collaborating together, agreements were reached providing two DINAs (local indigenous laws) to manage the hunting and consumption of turtle meat in the Bay. The first DINA enforces an ad infinitum hunting ban of juvenile turtles under 70cm. The second DINA refers to the closed turtle fishery season from 1st of December to the 1st of March. The next few months will be dedicated to awareness raising of the DINAs in villages across the Bay and the implementation of marine turtle protection teams to enforce each DINA.
ReefDoctor Fano Project Update
In December 2012 the ‘ReefDoctor Fano Project’ helped to create the first grass-roots marine turtle management association in Madagascar; ‘Fikam-banana Paniriky Miaro ny Fano’ (FI.PA.MI.FA). An alliance of turtle fishers, community leaders and elders, FI.PA.MI.FA focuses on strengthening traditional customs and consumptive taboos that underpin the cultural significance of marine turtles. Through the empowerment of Vezo coastal communities, this approach has proven to be a promising tool for the management of the local, marine turtle fishery. In 2013, the first community enforced marine turtle size restriction and closed season will be implemented in the Bay of Ranobe, encompassing a four-month ban on turtle hunting from 1st of December to the 1st of April.
UNDP Capacity building for Government
In November 2012, ReefDoctor hosted the second of a very successful UNDP training event. This ten day capacity building program was run for a variety of government officials working in the marine environment sector, providing them with the autonomy to collect scientific data. ReefDoctor’s highly qualified staff provided guidance on the collection of scientific information along with instruction in PADI scuba diving.
Coral Gardening Success!
In July 2012, ReefDoctor implemented a new long-term reef restoration project within the Bay of Ranobe in order to assist the natural recovery process of the degraded and damaged coral reefs. We adopted a two step restoration protocol known as ‘coral gardening’.
The mariculture of small coral branch fragments (broken coral pieces of Acropora species that have been recovered from seagrass beds) are placed in a nursery afloat in mid-water at the Massif des Rose marine reserve. The coral fragments are going to be maricultured in the nursery to sizes suitable for transplantation (which takes between 100-400 days), with regular cleaning maintenance by the ReefDoctor science team to ensure that they are not overgrown by algae.
Nursery grown coral colonies will then be transplanted onto degraded reef sites to stimulate natural regeneration and recovery. This project is being conducted in association with the local fishermen’s association, FI.MI.HA.RA in order to engage them in the restoration of their marine habitats and resources. Preliminary results from this pilot project have been very encouraging, prompting the ReefDoctor science team to plan for capacity expansion in 2013.
Updates from the Massif des Roses and Ankaranjelita marine reserves, read the report below:
Implementation and expansion of a new family planning initiative
Uncontrolled population growth is in direct conflict with sustainability. In response to a lack of access to medical services and contraceptive medication across the Bay of Ranobe, ReefDoctor, in collaboration with Blue Ventures (BV), implemented BV’s family planning initiative. This involved the creation of distribution points for heavily subsidised contraceptive products to promote sustainability and alleviate poverty by empowering women to manage their reproductive status and reduce unwanted pregnancies. In September 2012, due to the success of a funded pilot study in 2011, ReefDoctor received follow up funding from the organisation Population Matters to expand the project to more villages in the north of the Bay.
Read the pilot report below.
Solar Oven Project
Charcoal production is one of the most destructive industries in Madagascar and is responsible for the clearance of large amounts of indigenous forests. Capturing the suns energy to provide a clean source of fuel through use of solar ovens allows families to reduce their energy costs and at the same time protect these unique environments. In August 2012, Reef-Doctor and the Association pour le Développement de l’Énergie Solaire Suisse-Madagascar (ADES) provided training and distribution of solar cookers to two villages in the Bay of Ranobe. ADES states that ‘ Solar cookers are a viable way for local families to reduce the dependency on charcoal with temperatures of 150° C generated, almost all meals can be cooked with solar’ All ADES products are produced by local craftsmen in the ADES workshop, Toliara.
A special thanks to Jonathon Ernst and Eloise Piguet, ReefDoctor volunteers who provided initial funding for the project.
Marine Conservation Society (MCS) provided funding for a ReefDoctor assessment of the curio trade in South West Madagascar, read the December 2011 report below.